Update:The use of a flame retardant for textiles can reduce the risk of fires. The effectiveness of FR can be increased by usin...
The use of a flame retardant for textiles can reduce the risk of fires. The effectiveness of FR can be increased by using coatings with silica or TEOS. Other options are alumina, titania, and zirconia. These materials can have a low environmental impact, and can also be made into textiles.
This additive can pass a standardized flame test. The amount of flame retardant deposited depends on the type and intended application. It is essential that the added flame retardant has the same haptic properties as the material to be treated. Add-ons that change the haptic properties are generally not favored.
In the study, five concentrations of CPZ were tested for flame retardant activity. These compounds were applied to textiles at various areas and weights. The concentrations varied between five and ten percent. The flame retardants were added to textiles at a rate that was based on the area of each fabric.Flame retardants
are used in a number of different ways, mainly on the surface. This is because the surface is the first point of contact with the heat from a flame or irradiative heat flux. For this reason, it is essential that the surface is treated well. In addition, the FR treatment should not impact the fabric's durability, softness, and dyeability.
Cyclophosphazene is a very effective flame retardant for textiles. However, it is not widely used as a textile finishing agent, but its cyclotriphosphazene derivative has been demonstrated to be effective as a textile flame retardant. The method involves a polymerization step and high energy consumption.